Republic Day is to commemorate the day when a country became republics. It is
a public holiday in several countries.
Republic Day is an occasion for renewing of the pledge and the golden words
in the Constitution is highlighted. Republic Day is an out-and-out visual
spectacle with no speeches.
The essence behind the celebration of Republic day is not only to celebrate
secularism and democracy but its also makes us feel proud of our culture,
languages, social norms, traditions, customs, religions, communitarian and
the individual distinctiveness that makes up a wonderful multi-cultural country.
It is this spirit, which makes us feel proud of our country's achievements that
make the celebration all the more interesting. This is the day when we come
together and proudly identify ourselves, not with some particular religion or
Albania celebrates its republic day on January 11th since 1946.
Armenia and Azerbaijan:
On May 28, 1918 Armenia and Azerbaijan declared independence from the Transcaucasian
Democratic Federative Republic. It was the first sovereign republic forming
Democratic Republic of Armenia and Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.
Bosnia and Herzegovina:
On 9th January 1992, Bosnian Serb authorities declared creation of Serbian
Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which later changed name into Republika
Srpska. So, this day is considered as Republic Day.
On November 15, 1889 a military coup led by Field Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca
overthrew Emperor Pedro II and declared Brazil a republic. It is called as
Proclamation of the Republic Day.
In December 11th 1958, Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French
In Burundi, it is celebrated on 28th November.
This day is celebrated on 28th November in Chad.
In Gambia, it is celebrated on April 24 since 1970.
In Guyana, This Day was adopted on February 23 1970. It is also known as Mashramani.
This day is celebrated on 23rd October in Hungary.
The Republic Day was first celebrated when the Constitution of India came into
existence and India formulated an establishment to rule themselves. This
constitution came into effect on January 26, 1950, when India became a Republic.
Therefore India celebrates this anniversary on January 26 as India's Republic
Day. The day is also celebrated to honour the 'Declaration of Independence of
1930' from the British Rule.
On this day every year, a grand parade is held in the capital of India, New
Delhi near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's Palace). The different regiments
of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force march past in all their finery and
The President of India who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces,
takes the salute. The country hosts another head of state as the chief guest
on this day.
The reinstated Hashemite monarchy lasted until 1958, when it was overthrown
by a coup d'etat of the Iraqi Army, known as the 14 July Revolution.
The Festa della Repubblica is celebrated on the 2nd June. It commemorates the
institutional referendum of 1946 when the Italian population was called to
decide what form of government to give to the country after World War II and
the fall of Fascism.
October 25, the anniversary of the adoption of the 'Declaration on State
Sovereignty of Kazakh SSR' by the Kazakh legislature in 1990. It is now
commemorated as Republic Day.
In Laos, this Day is celebrated on 2nd December.
In Latvia, it is celebrated on 18th November.
Macedonia, celebrates the day on 2nd August.
Malawi, celebrates on 6th July.
On November 11, 1968, the Maldivian constitution was amended and Maldives became
In Mali, This day is celebrated on 22nd September.
Malta, celebrates on 13th December.
In Mongolia, is celebrated on 26th November.
Montenegro, celebrates on 29th November.
December 18th 1958 is commemorated in the Republic of Niger.
October 5 in Portugal is known as "Implantation of the Republic". It
commemorates the proclamation of the Portuguese First Republic in 1910.
In San Marino, it is celebrated on 3rd September.
Trinidad and Tobago:
Trinidad and Tobago, celebrates on 24th September.
In Tunisia, The Day was adopted on July 25th 1957.
On October 29, 1923, the Turkish constitution was amended and Turkey became a
This feeling for the country is what makes this day a special one from the rest
of the day. It is the day, which guarantees the Fundamental rights to the
citizens, equality of religion and so on. The rich cultural heritage and
tradition of India is reflected on this day.