May 1st, often called May Day. It is also known as International Workers Day,
or Labour Day. This Day celebrates the social and economic achievements of the
labour or labor movement.
It is celebrated in many countries around the world as national holiday. It
originates with the United States labor movement in the late 19th Century. The
idea for a "workers holiday" began in Australia in 1856.
International Workers Day is the commemoration of the 1886 in Chicago, when,
after an unknown person threw a dynamite bomb at police as they dispersed a
public meeting, Chicago police fired on workers during a general strike for
the eight hour workday, killing several demonstrators and resulting in the
deaths of several police officers, largely from friendly fire.
May Day was formally recognized as an annual event at the International's
second congress in 1891, due to the proposal on 1890 anniversary of the Chicago
protests. In 1894, May Day Riots are occured.
In 1904, all Social Democratic Party organizations and trade unions of all
countries to demonstrate energetically on May First for the legal establishment
of the 8-hour day, for the class demands of the proletariat, and for universal
May Day has been an important official holiday in Communist countries such as
the People's Republic of China, Cuba and the former Soviet Union. May Day
celebrations typically feature elaborate popular and military parades in these
In the People's Republic of China, May 1 marked the start of one of the country's
three "Golden Weeks". Three days off work were given, and one of the surrounding
weekends was, for no more than 3 days.
International Labor Day is a day observed as all over the world in Pakistan on
May 1 to commemorate the social and economic achievements of workers. Notable
events are organized in various cities.
The first May Day celebration in India was organised in Madras by the Labour
Kisan Party of Hindustan on May 1, 1923. This was also the first time the
red flag was used in India. The party leader Singaravelu Chettiar made
arrangements to celebrate May Day in two places, at the beach opposite to
Madras High Court and Triplicane beach.
Although May Day is originated from the United States, the U.S. Congress
designated May 1 as Loyalty Day in 1958 due to the day's appropriation by the
Soviet Union. So, Labor Day is declared on the first Monday in September in
the United States.
Along with United States, American Samoa, Bermuda, Canada, Northern Mariana
Islands, Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands also celebrate on the same day.
Labour Day has been celebrated on the first Monday in September in Canada since
the 1880s. The origins of Labour Day in Canada can be traced back to December
1872 when a parade was staged in support of the Toronto Typographical Union's
strike for a 58-hour work-week.
On 1961, Alexander Bustamante led a labour rebellion leading to Jamaican
independence, in order to commemorate, the Day is celebrated on May 23, 1938.
On 1873, Japan established "Labor Thanksgiving Day" as an official holiday by
the Meiji government as an "Imperial harvest" festival and later renamed by
the postwar government in 1948. It is celebrated on November 23.
In New Zealand, Workers Day is a public holiday held on the fourth Monday in
In Palau, it is a national holiday held on the first Monday in September.
In Marshall Islands, Labor Day is a public holiday held on the first Friday in
Trinidad and Tobago:
On 19th June 1937, generally recognised as the start of the modern trade union
movement in Trinidad and Tobago, marks the labour uprising.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines:
In Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Workers Day is a national holiday held on
the first Monday in May.