Holidays
1945 Victory Day
Abolition of Slavery
Africa Day
African Liberation Day
Agostinho Netos Day and National Heroes Day
All Saints or Hallows Day
All Souls Day
Ancestors Day
Anniversary of Liberation
Antillean Day
Anzac Day
Armed Forces Day
Armenian Christmas Day
Armistice Day
Army & Navy Day
Army Day
Ascension of Jesus
Ash or Clean Monday (Green or Pure Monday)
Ash Wednesday
Ashura
Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Awal Muharram (Islamic New Year)
Bak Full Moon Poya Day
Bangla New Year Day or Pohela Boishakh
Bastille Day
Binara Full Moon Poya Day
Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr.
Boqueron Battle Victory Day
Boxing Day
Buddha Birthday (Vesak)
Buddha Jayanti (Wesak)
Cambodian New Year
Canada Day
Carnival or Mardi Gras
Chaco Armistice
Childrens Day
Childrens Day (kodomo no hi)
Chinese New Year
Chinese Spring Festival
Ching Ming Festival
Christmas Day
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Chung Yeung Festival
Columbus Day
Commonwealth Day
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Coptic (orthodox) Christmas
Coronation Day
Corpus Christi
Day of Goodwill
Day of Liberation from the French
Day of National Reconciliation
Day of National Unity
Day of Peace and Reconciliation
Day of Proclamation of the Republic
Day of Reconciliation
Day of Restitution of Independence of Lithuania (from the Soviet Union, 1990)
Day of Revolution
Day of the Armed Struggle
Day of the dead
Day of the Martyrs
Day of the Republic
Day of Victory over Fascism
Democracy Day
Diwali or Deepavali (Festival of Light)
Double Ninth Festival (Chung Yeung Festival)
Dragon Boat Festival (Duanwu or Duen Ng Festival)
Duruthu Full Moon Poya Day
Dutch National Day
Easter
Easter Monday or Dyngus Day
Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice)
Eid ul-Fitr or Id-Ul-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
Emancipation Day
Epiphany
Esala Full Moon Poya Day
Family Day
Farmers Day
Feast of Saints Peter and Paul
First Day of Summer
Flag and University Day
Flag Day
Freedom and Democracy Day
Freedom Day
Full Moon of Kason
Full Moon of Tabaung
Full Moon of Thadingyut (End of Buddhist Lent)
Full Moon of Waso (Beginning of Buddhist Lent)
Gandhi Jayanti (Mahatma Gandhi birthday)
Ganesh Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi
General Prayer Day (Store Bededag)
German Unity Day
Gibraltar National Day
Good Friday (Holy or Great Friday)
Gospel Day
Greek Cypriot National Day
Greek National Day
Hari Raya Aidiladha (Hari Raya Haji)
Hari Raya Haji
Hari Raya Puasa
Heroes Day
Holy Saturday
Human Rights Day
Il Full Moon Poya Day
Immaculate Conception
India Independence Day
International Womens Day
Islamic New Year
Kayin (Karen) New Year
Kazakhstan Peoples Unity Day
Krishna Janmashtami
Kurban Ait (Feast of the Sacrifice)
Labor Thanksgiving Day
Lailat al-Miraj or Isra and Miraj (Ascension of the Prophet)
Liberation Day
Liberation Day or FSLN Revolution Day
Maha Shivratri or Maha Sivaratri (Great Night of Lord Shiva)
Martyr Day
Martyrs Day
Maundy or Holy Thursday
May Day or Workers Day
Medin Full Moon Poya Day
Memorial Day
Memorial Day(Day of Memory for Truth and Justice)
Mid Autumn or Moon Festival (Lantern or Mooncake Festival)
Midsummer Day
Midsummer Eve
Moldovan Christmas
Monaco National Day
Mothers and Childrens Day
Mothers Day
Mouloud (Birth of the Prophet)
Myanmar New Year
Nane Nane (Farmers Day)
National Childrens Day
National Day
National Day of Sweden
National Day of the Peoples Republic of China
National Flag & Anthem Day
National Flag Day
National Heroes Day
National Unification Day
National Unity Day
National Womens Day
National Youth Day
Nauryz Meyrami (Traditional Spring Holiday)
Navabarsha (Nepalese New Year Day)
Navam Full Moon Poya Day
Nawroz Bayram (Iranian or Persian New Year)
New Year Day
New Year Eve
Nikini Full Moon Poya Day
Norouz (Iranian or Persian New Year)
Nowruz (Iranian or Persian New Year)
Nuclear Victim Remembrance Day
October Holiday or Halloween
October Liberation War
October Revolution Day
Orozo Ait (end of Ramadan)
Orthodox Armenian Christmas
Orthodox Christmas
Orthodox Easter
Orthodox Easter Monday (Bright or Renewal Monday)
Orthodox Epiphany
Orthodox Good Friday
Orthodox Great Saturday
Orthodox New Year
Orthodox Pentecost
Orthodox Whit Monday
Orthodox Whit Sunday
Palm Sunday (Yew or Branch Sunday)
Patriots Victory Day
Pchum Ben or Ancestors Day
Peace Day, or Ceasefire Day, end of the Civil War
Peace Memorial Day (228 Incidenter Messacre)
Peniamina Gospel Day
Pentecost or Whit Sunday
Pi Mai (Laos New Year)
Poson Full Moon Poya Day
President Tubmans Birthday
Presidents Day
Proclamation of the Republic
Proclamation of the Republic of Latvia
Queens Birthday
Queens Official Birthday
Rarotonga Gospel Day
Rashtriya Prajatantra Divas (National Democracy Day)
Remembrance Day
Remembrance Day for Martyrs & Disabled
Republic Day
Resistance and Liberation Day
Restoration Day
Restoration of Independence Day
Revolution Day
Revolution Day - Peoples Uprising
Revolution of the King and the People
Rosh Hashanah or Jewish New Year
Saints Cyril and Methodius Day
San Marino Day and Foundation of the Republic
Saudi National Day
Seollal (Korean New Year)
Separation Day (from Colombia)
Sham el Nessim (Coptic orthodox Easter monday)
Simon Bolivar Day
Sinai Liberation Day
Sinhala and Tamil New Year Day
Songkran (Thai New Year)
South Korea Memorial Day
Spiritual Baptist Liberation Shouter Day
Spitak Remembrance Day
Spring Bank Holiday (Victoria Day)
Spring Holiday or June Holiday
Spring Holiday or May Holiday
St. Georges Day
St. Johns Day
St. Joseph (Feast of St. Joseph)
St. Patrick Day
St. Stephens Day
St. Wenceslas Day (Czech Statehood Day)
Start of the Armed Struggle
Statehood Day
Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day
Summer Bank Holiday
Summer Day
Summer Holiday or August Holiday
Swiss National Day
Tazaungmon Full Moon Day
Tet Nguyen Dan (Vietnamese New Year)
Thaipusam or Thaipoosam Kavadi
Thanksgiving Day
Three Kings Day
Tomb Sweeping Day or Qingming Festival
Unduvap Full Moon Poya Day
Unification Day
Union Day or Unification Day
United Nations Day
Unity Day
Unity of Peoples of Russia and Belarus Day
US Independence Day
Vap Full Moon Poya Day
Veterans Day
Victoria Day
Victory and Commemoration Day
Victory and Peace Day
Victory Day
Victory from Genocide Day
Victory of Adowa
Victory of Islamic Revolution
Victory of the Muslim Nation
Vijayadashami
Virgin of Caacupe
Visaka Bochea
Visakah Puja (Buddha Purnima)
Visakha Bucha
Waisak
Washingtons Birthday
Water Festival
Water Festival (Maha Thingyan)
Wesak Full Moon Poya Day
Whit Monday or Pentecost Monday
Womens Day
Workers or Labour Day
Yom Kippur or Day of Atonement
Youth and Sports Day
Youth Day
Zanzibar Revolution Day

Islamic New Year

Islamic New YearAl-Hijra, the Islamic New Year, is the first day of the month of Muharram. New Year's Day is used to remind Muslims of the Hiraj or migration, of Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina.

The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar or Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year of 354 or 355 days. Each numbered year is designated either H for Hijira or AH for Al-Hijira.

Islamic New Year is based on the revolutions of the Moon. The word Muharram also means respect. It is more of a cultural event than a New Year celebration. People welcome the New Year with peace and prayers.

Muslims celebrate Islamic New Year's Day (Al-Hijra) in very different manner from other celebrations. Muslims gather in mosques and offer special prayers and listen to special readings from the Koran.

New Year celebrated by Muslims is not a gala affair rather it's a quite and sober celebration. People gather in mosques and dargahs to offer special prayers. Muslims celebrate this day to pay homage to Prophet Muhammad. The most important part is to tell the hijra (Muhammad's flight from Medina to Mecca). This story is also broadcast on radio. Maal Hijra or the Islamic New Year is spent on reflecting how one's leading his or her life and their own mortality.

The most recent trend of exchanging New Year cards and gifts have been witnessed in many Muslim communities. However, Shia Muslims do not take part in New Year activities. They commemorate the Battle of Karbala and observe it as a month of mourning. This commemoration ends on the tenth day of Muharram called Ashurah. Similarly, Sunni Muslims do not take part in the New Year traditions as on this day first Caliph Abu Bakr died.

Remembrance of Muharram has become an important day for the Shias. People enact the scenes of the Battle of Karbala in mosques. At some places, people clad in black dresses. They recite sorrowful poems in the memory of the martyrdom of Imran Hussain. Many males beat their chests or walk barefoot over the burning coal to remember the sufferings of Hussain. Loud cries of congregation can be heard which reflects their inability to save Hussain from the torture and brutalities.

Later, food and other things of survival are distributed to the poor. The first nine days of Muharram are spent in making an exact copy of martyr's tomb with bamboo and paper. On the tenth day, Ashura, processions are carried out through the streets with the beautifully embellished tombs. A horse leads the procession relating to Hussain's horse.

Muharram is also observed by Dawoodi Bohras in the same way as Shias. They practice prayers on the sayings of the present dawah of Bohras, Mohammed Burhanuddin. On the tenth day of Muharrum, they pray for Husayn till the namaz. When the namaz ends, Husayn is considered shahid by Yazid. It is also close to the day of resurrection because it said in a book that this world will one day come to an end on Friday 10th of Muharram.

Fasting differs among the Muslim groupings. Shia Muslims stop eating and drinking during sunlight hours and do not eat until late afternoon. Sunni Muslims also fast during Muharram for the first ten days of Muharram, just the tenth day or on both the ninth and tenth days, the exact term depending on the individual.

The Islamic New Year is a public holiday in places such as India, Indonesia, Jordan, Malaysia, and the United Arab Emirates. It is not a nationwide public holiday in countries such as Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom or the United States.

Islamic businesses and organizations may have altered opening hours and there may be some congestion around mosques, particularly in the evening and at night.


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