Christmas is a Christian holy day that marks the birth of Jesus, the son of God. It is an annual holiday.
The word Christmas originated as a contraction of "Christ's mass". It is celebrated in many different
ways around the world.
In some Christian denominations, children re-enact the events of the Nativity with animals to portray the
event with more realism or sing carols that reference the event. Some Christians also display a small
re-creation of the Nativity, known as a Nativity scene or creche, in their homes, using figurines
to portray the key characters of the event.
Orthodox christian Churches, Coptic Churches still uses the Julian Calendar which celebrate on the Julian
version of 25 December, which is January 7, because the two calendars are now 13 days apart. It is called
as Orthodox Christmas. Egypt and Sudan Christians call Coptic Christmas. Christians celebrate grandly in
Coptic Orthodox Church.
Jesus was born to Virgin Mary, assisted by her husband Joseph, in the city of Bethlehem. It was not an
ordinary birth, an angel Gabriel told Virgin Mary that she would conceive and bear a special child called
Jesus christ. She was already the betrothed wife of Joseph of the House of David and awaiting their
imminent formal home-taking ceremony of their wedding. At the time that Mary to give birth, she and her
husband Joseph went to Bethlehem, to register in a census. As they found no place to stay, Mary gave birth
to christ in the stable, and placed the new born in a manger.
Since 400 AD, Christians have celebrated the birth of Jesus. 'Christ' means 'Messiah' or 'Anointed One',
the title given to Jesus and 'Mass' was a religious festival. The real story was found in the Christian
An important part of today's Christmas is the myth of Santa Claus, also known as Saint Nicholas, Father
Christmas, Kris Kringle, is a historical, legendary, and mythical figure who gives gifts to childrens. Santa
Claus is generally depicted as a plump, jolly, white-bearded man wearing a red coat with white collar and
cuffs, white-cuffed red trousers, and black leather belt and boots. Traditionally, Santa Claus visits houses
at midnight on Christmas Eve, coming down the chimney to leave gifts. Childrens believe that the Santa
Claus is true.
A Christmas tree, Yule tree or Tannenbaum decorations are the most popular traditions at the celebration.
It is normally an evergreen coniferous tree that is brought into a home or used in the outside the house.
The tree is decorated with lights, colorful ornaments and gifts are placed during the days around the
Coloured lights and ornaments decorations are made in town centres, streets and shops. By mid-December,
most homes will also be decorated with trees, coloured electric lights, house walls and paper or plastic
decorations around the rooms.
From pre-Christian times, people in the Roman Empire brought branches from evergreen plants indoors in the
winter. Decorating with greenery was also part of Jewish tradition : "Now on the first day you shall take
for yourselves the foliage of beautiful trees, palm branches and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the
brook, and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days."
Completely secular Christmas seasonal songs emerged in the late 18th century. "Deck The Halls" dates from
1784, and the American, "Jingle Bells" was copyrighted in 1857.
Nowadays, it has become a non-religious holiday. Christians incorporated such customs in their developing
practices. It was the custom at Christmas for every house and all the parish churches to be "decked with
holm, ivy, bays, and whatsoever the season of the year afforded to be green". The heart-shaped leaves
of ivy were said to symbolize the coming to earth of Jesus, while holly was seen as protection against pagans
and witches, its thorns and red berries held to represent the Crown of Thorns worn by Jesus.
In the 19th and 20th century, African American spirituals and songs about Christmas, based in their tradition
of spirituals, became more widely known. An increasing number of seasonal holidays songs were commercially
produced in the 20th century, including jazz and blues variations.
On Christmas Day, a special meal of Christmas dishes is usually served, for which there are traditional
menus in each country. In the United Kingdom, the traditional meal consists of roast turkey or goose,
served with roast potatoes and other vegetables, followed by Christmas pudding, a heavy boiled pudding made
with dried fruit (traditionally plums) and flour.
However, this day, whether or not the birth date of Jesus is on December 25th is not considered to be an
important issue in mainstream Christian denominations. Celebrating the coming of God into the world
in the form of man to atone for the sins of humanity is considered to be the primary meaning of
The themes include the promotion of goodwill and peace.